Developing Students’ Attitude Scale for The Online Education

Serkan Demirel


While discussions on the efficiency and adequacy of distance education, which has passed through various stages from the 1700s to the present day, and its accessibility has become easier with the opportunities provided by technology, it has to be experienced by almost everyone after the pandemic in 2019. While there are various scale studies for distance education before 2019 in the literature, there is a need for an up-to-date scale with proven validity and reliability. Therefore, this study aimed to develop an up-to-date scale with proven validity and reliability for the use of researchers who aim to study this subject. The item pool of the scale was designed considering the attitude and its sub-components as positive and negative. The scale, which took its final form before the application with the help of an assessment and evaluation specialist and a language expert, was applied to a group of 341 students consisting of Gazi University Education Faculty, Hacı Bayram Veli University Fine Arts Faculty, Hacı Bayram Veli University Faculty of Literature. As a result of Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis, a structure consisting of 30 items with six factors was revealed. Cronbach's alpha values of the factors were measured as 0.84, 0.71, 0.85, 0.70, 0.75, and 0.76, respectively. The total Cronbach's alpha value of the scale, which constituted the whole of the factors, was 0.92. As a result of the analyses performed at the end of this research, a valid and reliable scale was put forward to measure the attitudes toward online education.

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