Investigation of Covid-19 Phobia and Satisfaction with Life Levels of Students Taking Special Talent Entrance Exams

Davut Atılgan, Cemil Aksoy


There is no doubt that Covid -19 has affected the whole world in every aspect of life. In this study, it was aimed to determine the relationship between Covid-19 phobia and life satisfaction levels of students participating in special talent entrance exams and their views according to some demographic variables. The sample of the study consists of 320 participants who took the special talent exam from the departments of physical education and sports teaching and coaching education at the University of Sutcü İmam. The research is a quantitative study and it was carried out in relational scanning model. Data were collected in August-September 2020. In the analysis of data Jamovi 1.6.12 statistical software program was used. As a result of the research; Covid-19 phobia and life satisfaction level arithmetic mean scores of the participants were determined to be in the middle score range. In normal circumstances, it was determined that the fear of COVID-19 had a negative effect on the participants, while life satisfaction is expected to be high due to the athletic and young age of the participants. In terms of demographic variables, significant differences were found in Covid-19 Phobia Scale' and 'Life Satisfaction Scale' scores. In correlation and regression analyses, it was concluded that psychological, somatic, social and economic variables, which are independent variables, showed a negative low-level significant relationship with the life satisfaction of students, and they were also a significant predictor on life satisfaction. The results obtained from this study are predicted to shed light on the psychological, social, economic and similar effects of Covid-19 fear on people and provide significant contributions to finding solutions on these issues

Full Text:



Afacan, E. & Avcı, N. (2020). A sociological overview of outstanding diseases through the coronavirus example (COVID-19). Eurasian Journal of Researches in Social and Economics (EJRSE), 7(5), 1-14. Retrieved from issue/54658/738133

Agid, O. McDonald, K. Siu, C. Tsoutsoulas, C. Wass, C. Zipursky, R. B. Foussias, G. & Remington, G. (2012). Happiness in first-episode schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 141(1), 98-103.

Akgün, N. (1993). Exercise physiology. 4th Edition. İzmir, Ege University Press 2.

Akın Arıkan, Ç. & Demirtaş Zorbaz, S. (2020). Measurement invariance of the Satisfaction with Life Scale across gender and time. Turkish Journal of Education, 9(4), 260-272.

Akyol, B. Başaran, R. & Yeşilbaş, Y. (2018). Life satisfaction level and lifelong learning tendencies of Public Education Center trainees. Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Journal of Education Faculty, (48), 301-324.

Arpacı, I. Karataş, K. & Baloğlu, M. (2020). The development and initial tests for the psychometric properties of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S). Personality and Individual Differences, in press. 164.

Atılgan, D. & Kaya, A. (2018). A research on the mental and physical health of the students who do and don’t do sports with licence at high schools which belongs to Ministry of National Education. The Journal of Academic Social Science, 6(83), 268-289.

Atılgan, D. (2020). Investigation of happiness levels of individuals actively exercising for recreational purposes during the covid-19 outbreak. Journal of Education and Recreation Patterns, 1(1), 7-18.

Aydoğmuş, M. & Tükel, Y. (2019). Testing the mediating role of collective efficacy perceptions on the relationship between teachers’ perceptions of professional burnout and organizational commitment. I.E.: Inquiry in Education, 11(2), 1-20.

Bakioğlu, F. Korkmaz, O. & Ercan, H. (2020). Fear of COVID-19 and positivity: mediating role of ıntolerance of uncertainty, depression, anxiety, and stress. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction,

Bingöl, C. & Alpkaya, U. (2016). The investigation of the self - esteem level of the athletes and non-athletes in high school students. Marmara University Journal of Sports Sciences, 1(1), 31-37. Retrieved from

Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2018). Manual of data analysis for social sciences. 24. Edition. Ankara: Pegem Academy.

Chen, P. Mao, L. Nassis, G.P. Harmer, P. E. Ainsworth, B. & Li, F. (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): The need to maintain regular physicalactivity while taking precautions. J Sport Health Sci, 9(2), 103-104.

Cohn, M. A. Fredrickson, B. L. Brown, S. L. Mikels, J. A. & Conway, A. M. (2009). Happiness unpacked: Positive emotions increase life satisfaction by building resilience. Emotion, 9(3), 361-368.

Çivitçi, D. (2012). The relationships between global life satisfaction and psychological needs in university students. Çukurova University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 21(2), 321-336. Retrieved from

Dağlı, A. & Baysal, N. (2016). Adaptation of the satisfaction with life scale into Turkish: the study of validity and reliability. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 15(59), 1250-1262.

Dalkıran, O. & Tuncel, F. (2007). Evaluation of physical education lessons as elective courses in secondary education schools by students. SPORMETRE The Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 5(1), 37-42.

Dorahy, M. J. Lewis, C. A. Schumaker, J. F. Akuamoah-Boateng, R. Duze, M. C. & Sibiya, T. E. (2000). Depression and life satisfaction among Australian, Ghanaian, Nigerian, Northern Irish, and Swazi University Students. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 15(4), 569–580.

Dosil, M. Biota, I. Picaza, M. Eiguren, A. & Rodríguez, I. (2019). Resilience analysis in the teen stage: an approach to the situation of schools in the Basque Country. International Journal of Modern Education Studies, 3(2), 54‐64.

Garfin, D. R. Thompson, R. R. & Holman, E. A. (2018). Acute stress and subsequent health outcomes: a systematic review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 112, 107-113.

Garfin, D. R. Silver, R. C. & Holman, E. A. (2020). The novel coronavirus (COVID-2019) outbreak: Amplification of public health consequences by media exposure. Health Psychology, 39(5), 355–357.

Gencer, N. (2020). Coronavirus (COVID-19) fear of individuals during the pandemia: Çorum sample. International Journal of Social Sciences Academy, 2(4), 1153-1173.

Gündoğar, D. Gül, S. S. Uskun, E. Demirci, S. & Keçeci, D. (2007). Investigation of the Predictors of Life Satisfaction inUniversity Students. J Clin Psy, 10(1), 14-27.

Karasar, N. (2014). Scientific research method. 26. Printing. Ankara: Nobel Publishing.

Karasar, N. (2015). Scientific research method. Ankara: Nobel Publishing.

Kaya, Ö. S. & Orçan, F. (2019). Mediating role of happiness between empathy, forgiveness, life satisfaction: a path analysis. Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University Journal Faculty of Education, 19(2), 540-554.

Koca, F. İmamoğlu, G. & İmamoğlu, O. (2018). Sports status of high school students and investigation of personality characteristics by gender. The Journal of Academic Social Science, 6(80), 31-42.

Kuru, E. (2003). The personal features of students in the department of physical education at different statues. Gazi University Journal of Gazi Education Faculty, 23(1), 175–191.

Leonardo Pujol. (2020). COVID-19: Why does coronavirus cause more deaths in men? BBC Brazil 17 December 2020. (Date of access: 10.01.2020).

Pakpour, A. & Griffiths, M. (2020). The fear of COVID-19 and its role in preventive behaviors. Journal of Concurrent Disorders, 2(1), 58–63.

Peterson, C. Park, N. & Seligman, M. E. P. (2005). Orientations to happiness and life satisfaction: The full life versus the empty life. Journal of Happiness Studies: An Interdisciplinary Forum on Subjective Well-Being, 6(1), 25- 41.

Schnepfleitner, F.M. & Ferreira, M.P. (2021). Transformative learning theory – is it time to add a fourth core element? Journal of Educational Studies and Multidisciplinary Approaches (JESMA), 1(1), 40-49.

Sever, M. & Özdemir, S. (2020). The experience of being a student during coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic: a photovoice study. Society and Social Work, 31(4), 1653-1679.

Sylvester, C. (2005). A comparison of ancient and modern conceptions of happiness and leisure. In Eleventh Canadian Congress on Leisure Research, Nanaimo, British Columbia.

Ünal, H. (2020). Level of knowledge, perception and behavior of family medicine residents about the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19). (Unpublished Medical Specialty Thesis). Health Sciences University Prof. Dr. Cemil Taşçıoğlu City Hospital, Department of Family Medicine, Istanbul.

Üstün, Ç. & Özçiftçi, S. (2020). Effects of COVID-19 pandemic on social life and ethical plane: an evaluation study. Anatolian Clinic Journal of Medical Sciences, 25(1), 142-153.

Van Yperen, N. W. (2020). Achievement goals and self-regulation in the sport context. In Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles, 3rdedn. New York: Guilford Press.

Zhang, J. Wu, W. Zhao, X. & Zhang, W. (2020). Recommended psychological crisis intervention response to the 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia outbreak in China: a model of West China Hospital. Precision

Clinical Medicine, 3(1), 3-8.

Zoralioğlu, M. (2020). The effect of gender on prognosis in patients between 30-50 years old with COVID-19 and other factors affecting it. (Unpublished Medical Specialty Thesis). Health Sciences University Ümraniye Health Application and Research Center Internal Medicine Clinic, Istanbul.



Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Modern Education Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.